Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Ontological Argument: The Final Word?

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The Ontological Argument for the existence of God is moot

William F. Vallicella = The Man
1. The Ontological Argument of Anselm is a treasure chest, for it contains the gold which proves God’s existence. Halleluyah! William F. Vallicella, the Maverick Philosopher, knows the type of key needed to open it but has not found the key itself. I believe I have found the key in St. Thomas Aquinas’s invaluable Summa Theologica. The key is proving that to exist is good…

Ontological Argument of Vallicella
2. William F. Vallicella outlines the Ontological Argument in his 11/27/2007 post "Deontic Ontological Proofs and Disproofs for the Existence of God":{1}
1. If a maximally perfect being is possible, then it is actual.
2. A maximally perfect being ought to exist.
2.1 A maximally perfect being ought to exist because It is deontically perfect.
2.1.1 It is absurd to say that a being can be perfect in every respect yet that it ought not to exist.
2.1.2 A being that ought to exist is greater than a being that neither ought to exist, nor ought not to exist.
3. Whatever ought to exist is possible.
3.1 It is absurd to say that there are things/states of affairs that ought to exist yet are impossible.
4. Therefore a maximally perfect being is possible.
5. Therefore a maximally being is actual; i.e. God exists.

Key to OA: To Exist is Good
3. Vallicella points out that for the argument to be successful, we must "justify the assumption [integral to premise 2] that to exist is good." St. Thomas Aquinas (d. 3/7/1274), Doctor Angelicus, has done this in his magnum opus, Summa Theologica. The following is how we prove that existence is good:{2}
1. That greatest of heathen philosophers,{3} Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης; d. 3/7/322 B.C.), says [Ethic. i], "Goodness is what all desire."
2. Something is desirable only insofar as it is perfect.
2.1 All things desire their own perfection.
3. Everything is perfect as far as it is actual.
4. Something is perfect as far as it exists.
4.1 Existence makes all things actual.
5. Therefore goodness and being are really the same (they differ only in idea).
6. Therefore to exist is good.

Conclusion: Ontological Argument Triumphant
4. Thus we have proven conclusively the truth of the three-step basic Ontological Argument:
1. If a maximally perfect being is possible, then it is actual.
2. A maximally perfect being is possible.
3. Therefore a maximally perfect being is actual (i.e., God exists).

5. Q.E.D. Praise the Lord YHWH, for His greatness knows no bounds!

Notes and References
{1} Vallicella, Dr. William F. "Deontic Ontological Proofs and Disproofs for the Existence of God." Maverick Philosopher. 27 Nov. 2007. 26 Mar. 2008 <>.
{2} St. Thomas Aquinas: ST I, q. 5, art. 1: "Whether goodness differs really from being?"
{3} William Turner (3/1/1907) for the Old Catholic Encyclopedia: "Aristotle" @

Friday, March 21, 2008

Purple or Scarlet Robe?

The Bible contradicts itself on the color of the robe the soldiers put on Jesus

1. Was Jesus clothed in a purple or scarlet robe? The following quotations of inspired passages come from the Dhouay-Rheims Bible translation @ Kevin Knight's, as is customary for this blog's Scriptural citations. Witness the following beautiful depiction of the Lord Jesus, which shows Jesus robed in the color purple, which is based on a misunderstanding of the words of St. Mark.
2. Matthew 27:27-31 says,
Then the soldiers of the governor, taking Jesus into the hall, gathered together unto Him the whole band. And stripping Him, they put a scarlet cloak about Him. And platting a crown of thorns, they put it upon His head, and a reed in His right hand. And bowing the knee before Him, they mocked Him, saying: Hail, King of the Jews. And spitting upon Him, they took the reed and struck His head. And after they had mocked Him, they took off the cloak from Him and put on Him His own garments and led Him away to crucify Him.
3. Mark 15:16-20 says,
And the soldiers led Him away into the court of the palace: and they called together the whole band. And they clothed Him with purple: and, platting a crown of thorns, they put it upon Him. And they began to salute Him: Hail, King of the Jews. And they struck His head with a reed: and they did spit on Him. And bowing their knees, they adored Him. And after they had mocked Him, they took off the purple from Him and put His own garments on Him: and they led Him out to crucify Him.
So are the Evangelists saying that Jesus was clothed with a garment that was the color scarlet and not the color scarlet at the same time? No. That would violate the law of non-contradiction: a and not-a cannot be true in the same sense at the same time. On the contrary, the Bible is completely inerrant; error is not compatible with inspiration. The color of the robe was scarlet, but Patriarch St. Mark I the Evangelist of Alexandria used "purple" because "purple" was the type of dye used to color the robe, as J.P. Holding of the exemplary site observes,{1} citing Acts 16:14: "And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, one that worshiped God, did hear: whose heart the Lord opened to attend to those things which were said by Paul." Thus the following depiction of our Lord Jesus is accurate:
Notes & References
{1} God bless you and yours, Mr. Holding, and I pray you enter the Catholic Church in the near future!

Sunday, March 09, 2008

Human Evolution is a Lie

Abstract: All hominids are either fully human or fully ape and there is no evolutionary path from monkey to man; as can be seen from the consistent testimony of the Fathers and Popes, God created humans miraculously, forming Adam from the dust and Eve from Adam’s rib, and did not simply pick soulless hominids and give them a soul; the falsehood of polygenism and the dangers of compromise.

Wednesday, March 05, 2008

Evolution's Information Problem

The biological evolutionary theory has an insurmountable problem of information.{1} There is no, in the words of Timothy Wallace, "specific, empirically evident original mechanism/process and pathway of specific, empirically evident mechanisms/processes have led from zero genetic data in raw matter to the vast array of voluminous genetic data inherent in living organisms as we know them."{2} The theory of evolution requires an increase in information over time. But the mechanisms said to increase information, viz. Mendelian inheritance, polyploidy, hybridization, and (accidental) mutations{3} do NOT result in an increase in information. We observe ONLY conservation or loss of genetic information.{4} Antibiotic resistance is not due to an increase in information,{5} nor do new plant colors stem from an increase in information,{6} nor does the adaptation of bacteria to feed on nylon waste constitute an informational increase.{7} It is a shame that the patently absurd theory of evolution has so many people deceived; people just seem to take for granted that it is true!

Notes and References
{1} Dr. Royal Truman (2001): "The Problem of Information for the Theory of Evolution: Has Tom Schneider Really Solved It?" @
{2} Timothy Wallace (4/2000): "Tim Wallace Answers Wayne Duck" @
{3} Dr. Carl Wieland: "Variation, information, and the created kind" @
{4} Dr. Gary Parker: "Mutation, yes; evolution, no" @
{5} Dr. Jonathan Sarfati (10/22/2001): "Is antibiotic resistance really due to increase in information?" @
{7} Don Batten (12/2003): "The adaptation of bacteria to feeding on nylon waste" @

Tuesday, March 04, 2008


Abstract: Is the Roc an historical bird or merely an exaggeration or legend?